Evaluating insecticide resistances status in wild-caught anopheles mosquitoes in Afghanistan  


Insecticide resistance is an increasing problem faced by all countries with ongoing malaria transmission. Insecticide resistance monitoring is essential to help national malaria control programme to implement more effective and sustainable malaria control strategies. While distribution of insecticide-treated bed nets in Afghanistan has intensified in recent years with the goal to reach a near full coverage in the main malaria endemic provinces, little is known on the level of resistance to organochlorine, organophosphate, carbamate and pyrethroid in malaria endemic provinces. The current study was designed to explore the level of insecticide resistance in wild anopheles mosquitoes from 5 provinces with a high burden of malaria (Nangarhar, Laghman, Badakhshan, Ghazni and Kunar).